Among a significant number of modern types of potatoes, one of the most productive, unpretentious, with the ability to long-term storage, undoubtedly, is the Zekura variety. This root vegetable, widespread in central Russia, Ukraine and Moldova, has gained its popularity not only due to the ease of planting and care, but also due to its excellent taste, as well as impeccable presentation.
- General characteristics of Zekur potatoes
- The main benefits of Zekura potatoes
- Features of disembarkation and care
General characteristics of Zekur potatoes
Zekura potatoes are the brainchild of German breeders, who tried to combine endurance, rapidity of ripening, as well as high nutritional and taste properties in a new variety. The goal was achieved: the plant turned out to be immune to most diseases, resistant to drought and cool weather, and its tubers turned out to be the same and small, yellow in color, very starchy.
Initially, this variety was created mainly for the central part of the European continent, but this did not prevent the Zekur potatoes from adapting and giving high yields both in the Siberian region of Russia and in the south of Kazakhstan.
Zekura potatoes have the following external characteristics:
- Ground part: erect shrub of medium height and slight spreading with purple inflorescences;
- Underground part: oblong tubers with yellow skin and small eyes, characterized by an even, smooth surface.
The flesh of the Zekur potato has an intense yellow tint and contains from 13 to 19% starch.
The Zekura potato variety is medium early: its ripening period is usually about 90-100 days. In the southern regions, this figure may decrease by about a week.
The main benefits of Zekura potatoes
The yield and ripening period of Zekur potatoes depend on the region of its cultivation, as well as on the nature of the agricultural techniques used. Nevertheless, even in the absence of regular watering, as well as in the conditions of the Siberian region, this variety demonstrates the following significant qualities:
- has a fairly high yield: with proper care, about 50 tons of crops can be harvested from one hectare. In other words, about ten medium-sized potatoes grow under one bush. The weight of each tuber ranges from 100-200 grams. It should be noted that the percentage of very large and overly small fruits in this variety is quite low. The number of green tubers unfit for consumption is also small.
- it is resistant to most diseases and fungi that parasitize root crops, in particular to nematodes, potato cancer, late blight, scab, leaf-rolling virus, black leg, rhizoctonia and rust. This variety is immune to the defeat of viruses "A" and "U", which are very common in the soil. Resistance to decay allows you to grow Zekura potatoes even in soils characterized by high humidity.
- retains its useful and taste properties for a long time, and therefore can be stored in a cool dark place for 4-6 months. In particular, if the crop is stored at a temperature not higher than 1-2 degrees, without allowing it to rise or fall, and moderate air humidity, it will remain without significant losses in quality throughout the winter and spring.
It should be noted that this potato variety has excellent taste. With prolonged cooking, the tubers are slightly boiled, which makes it possible to use them both for mashed potatoes and for soups.
Features of disembarkation and care
Zekura potatoes are quite unpretentious in their care: all measures for its cultivation are limited to watering, removing weeds in the initial period of tops formation, as well as regular loosening of the soil after rains and watering.
Planting of this potato variety begins in May. Seed tubers are embedded in open ground to a depth of 8-10 cm.The distance between individual bushes should be about 35-50 cm.
Experienced agronomists recommend planting Zekur potatoes in areas where perennial grasses, winter crops, legumes, flax or lupine used to grow. It is noteworthy that even on sandy soils in the southern regions, this variety gives about 20-30 tons per hectare without the need for fertilizers and top dressing. The arid climate is also not destructive, although in this case smaller roots are formed - weighing 50-80 grams.
If tubers are planted in late spring, the first harvests can be expected as early as August.
Thus, the drought-resistant, fleshy and mid-season potato Zekura is an example of an unpretentious, but at the same time very tasty and nutritious root crop, which is ideal for cultivation in the central black earth and southern zones, although it does not exclude the possibility of planting in the northern regions.