Clianthus puniceus is a climbing or semi-climbing shrub, native to New Zealand, which can reach 3-4 meters in height, evergreen. This type of shrub is better known as a parrot beak, due to the particularity of its flowers. The stems are thick, fairly tortuous, with tendrils; the leaves are pinnate, consisting of small oval leaflets, of a bright green color, it can happen that they fall during the winter when the climate is very rigid for prolonged periods of time. In summer, until the autumn colds, it produces particular flowers of scarlet color, gathered in racemes in the leaf axilla. The flowers are followed by fruits, long pods containing large bean-shaped seeds. This very particular plant is usually placed near a wall or near a trellis.
For the correct development and the best production of flowers the Clianthus puniceus is placed in a sunny or partially shady place; these plants are quite delicate, they can stand minimum temperatures up to -7 / -8 ° C, but they don't like the wind, so it is advisable to put them in a sheltered place, or cultivate them in a container, so that they can be moved in a cold greenhouse during 'winter. Even in the southern regions it is advisable to place them away from the wind which can ruin them irreparably. Pot cultivation is recommended precisely because it is easier to repair shrubs during the colder season or when there is a strong wind.
To obtain healthy and luxuriant plants from March to October water the Clianthus puniceus with great regularity, especially during prolonged periods of drought.
The clianthus fear drought, it is therefore necessary to intervene very frequently with watering, always waiting for the soil to dry slightly between one watering and another. Prevent the formation of water stagnation in the soil which is harmful to the parrot's beak. To increase the environmental humidity it is advisable to periodically wet the leaves, in the hottest periods of the year. During the cold months the waterings will be contained and sporadic. During the vegetative period, provide fertilizer for flowering plants, every 15-20 days,
The Clianthus puniceus prefer soft and rich soils, very well drained, which allow the correct degree of humidity without allowing the formation of water stagnations, which can cause the onset of root rot.
The multiplication of this plant variety occurs by seed, in late winter, or by semi-woody cutting in summer. The seeds must be placed in a sheltered place so that they have time to germinate, without being subjected to sudden drops in temperature which would compromise their health.
Clianthus puniceus: Parasites and Diseases
The specimens of beak of parrot are rather resistant to the attack of parasites but appear to be subject to phenomena of root rot, which can irreparably compromise their health, if not effectively contrasted. The first thing to do is to check that water does not form, a common cause of the onset of root rot.