In the cold season, somehow in a special way, you want comfort and warmth. To create a winter garden, to extend the summer for a whole year in your home today is not so difficult.
You can admire the greenery and lush flowering of exotic plants by equipping a special room with an optimal microclimate for plants.
However, not everyone knows what a winter garden is and how to equip it correctly.
- What is a winter garden, description, types
- Winter garden project
- Rules for arranging a winter garden in a private house
- What materials are used for construction
- Organization of heating and ventilation
- What plants are recommended to grow in the winter garden
What is a winter garden, description, types
A winter garden is a separate heated extension, or part of a house, the main purpose of which is to create optimal conditions for maintaining optimal conditions for the life of a variety of (mainly tropical) plants.
In addition, it can be used as a recreation area.
Depending on the features of the construction and purpose, there are three types of winter gardens:
- Residential, settles down in a house with constant heating. Due to correctly selected microclimate conditions, both plants and people coexist perfectly in its conditions;
- Greenhouse, a room with ideal conditions for growing plants. Since some exotic species require certain conditions of temperature and humidity, a person will hardly be able to rest in such conditions;
- Buffer unheated, equipped for aesthetic purposes. Since the building has a door that opens onto the street, it is impossible to provide a constant microclimate here, this is a kind of buffer zone between the house and the street with a small number of crops.
Depending on what they want to see in the end, they are first of all determined with a view. The next step is the creation of the project.
Winter garden project
One of the main stages in the construction of each building is the creation of a project. The garden is no exception, since here you will also have to decide on the place of construction, the type of building and other details.
At the design stage, a plan for the location of the building is drawn up, the amount of materials and possible expenses are calculated. Ideally, it is better to entrust this to a specialist, since an incorrectly constructed plan can lead to problems in further construction and material procurement.
It is at this stage that it is important to consider all the details of the desired result. This is not only the arrangement of the extension, but also the provision, if necessary, of heating.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about what a winter garden is and get acquainted with the principles of its creation:
The decoration of the garden is also of great importance, which will look much more spectacular if it is subordinated to one specific style.
Styles are distinguished depending on the set of elements:
- English is often represented by a pentacular or gabled transparent design. The main colors are white, cream, not bright pink and green. Particular attention is paid to the window, which is decorated with a variety of vintage elements and curtains;
- Country, or rustic, is distinguished by bright and lush flower beds, sometimes even vegetables. Sometimes they are decorated with items of rural utensils, wooden furniture;
- The classic is characterized by neutral, warm tones in the finish. Plants are subtropical, in the center they often have a mini-fountain or other water reservoir;
- Modern is characterized by conciseness and contrast, smooth and clear outlines. Plants are dominated by large and succulent plants such as lilies and peonies;
- Mediterranean is distinguished by its simplicity and clarity of lines; it is often a lean-to structure adjacent to the house. The colors are predominantly light; forged benches and antique statues can be found as decor. Traditional plants are roses, palms, juniper, rosemary, saffron;
- Japanese minimalist style with strong symbolism. It is subdivided into: kare-sansui with an abundance of gravel, stones and sand, without plants; tsukiyama hilly garden with bonsai, rocky embankments and a small pond; place for tea ceremonies.
Depending on the style chosen, the design features of the building differ.
The combination of a large number of decor details and the correct selection of plants make the style expressive.
Rules for arranging a winter garden in a private house
When arranging such a corner in a private house, it is important to take into account a number of points that it is recommended to pay attention to.
- Providing enough light;
- Maintaining a constant temperature;
- Maintaining the required air humidity;
- Construction of a sufficiently strong and sealed frame;
- Compliance with constant air circulation.
The main goal of the arrangement should remain the creation of an optimal microclimate. Only taking these points into account will it be possible to equip a building that is sufficiently protected from negative environmental conditions.
Let's watch a useful video about the correct arrangement of a winter garden in your own home:
What materials are used for construction
In order for the plants to receive a sufficient amount of sunlight and heat, it is recommended to make the building as bright as possible.
The most common materials adapted for this include:
- Glass is durable and transparent, but it can crack from a strong impact and is expensive;
- Polycarbonate is moisture resistant, flexible and cheap. However, light transmits worse than glass and retains heat poorly;
- Double-glazed windows are quite expensive material with a lot of weight, however, in terms of light transmission and thermal insulation, they significantly benefit from both glass and polycarbonate;
- Plexiglas is a fairly heavy material, which is often used in combination with other materials for the construction of side walls.
It is recommended to choose material based on the desired results and financial capabilities /
Organization of heating and ventilation
Correctly selected material is half the battle.
In winter, the heat will be equally insufficient and for this you need to take care of heating:
- Water heating with connection of the building to the heating system of the house with the installation of radiators;
- The stove is characterized by uneven heat distribution;
- Split systems
- Warm floor (water or electric);
- UFOs are suitable for small gardens;
- Electric heaters.
Another problem to look out for is the ventilation system.
In this case, you will have to choose between natural ventilation, carried out by vents and mechanical ventilation, which is provided by fans.
In addition to heating, the room needs additional lighting in winter.
You can provide lighting using:
- Incandescent lamps with rays of the spectrum of 600 nm;
- Fluorescent lamps;
- Metal halide lamps;
- Sodium lamps;
- High pressure mercury vapor lamps;
- LED lamps.
In addition, phyto-lamps are distinguished, specially adapted for use in greenhouses and conservatories. This is one of the most expensive but optimal lighting options.
What plants are recommended to grow in the winter garden
When choosing plants, they are guided by their taste. However, if, when combining two types, it is important to thoroughly approach the issue of their combination. So desert plants will not feel comfortable in the conditions in which tropical species grow.
For cultivation in a winter garden, it is recommended to select undersized species with approximately the same requirements for environmental conditions.
In this case, the danger of hitting one plant and destroying the second is minimized.
The winter garden is a separate, or adjacent to the house, room with an optimal microclimate for plants. It is used both purely for growing plants and as a resting place.