Tomatoes have long and closely intertwined with folk culture around the world. And they are not only tasty, juicy, one of the most popular types of vegetables, but also heroes of sayings, fiction and a reason for new scientific discoveries and inventions.
- Description of tomato as a crop
- Brief characteristics and description of the tomato variety Carbon
- Planting and leaving
- Pest and disease control
- Reviews of the tomato Carbon
Description of tomato as a crop
Tomato is a vegetable perennial and annual crop from the nightshade family. It has an erect stem with numerous branches and deep ribbing. The height of the bush depends on the variety and can be 35-200 cm. The fruits of a tomato are berries, and they are often called tomatoes, fleshy, of different colors and taste, inside they contain chambers with numerous seeds.
The culture appeared around 800-200 BC. e. in South America, and now a large number of varieties and hybrids have been bred. The plant is grown everywhere in many parts of the world in open and closed grounds, and even in apartments and on balconies.
Tomatoes contain many useful substances and vitamins:
- Mineral salts.
- Vitamins of group BB, P, C, K.
Brief characteristics and description of the tomato variety Carbon
The variety belongs to mid-season, medium-sized and identical plants. Suitable for growing in open ground and planting in greenhouses. The bush grows powerful, up to 150 cm, so it is imperative to tie it to a support.
Formation into 2 stems and obligatory pinching gives the greatest efficiency when obtaining a crop. The tomatoes are round, with physical ripeness they have a chocolate color with a cherry tint, large, the average weight of one fruit is 250-300 grams, fleshy, sweet and spicy in taste.
They are more suitable for fresh consumption, preparing various dishes and making juices, but not suitable for preservation, since they are very large and contain too much liquid.
Planting and leaving
Growing will require vegetable growers to comply with a combination of the following actions.
Choosing a favorable landing site and preparing it
The plant loves well-lit areas, slightly acidic soil or neutral acidity, it should be well-drained, nutritious and light. Therefore, before planting, take care of the timely introduction of rotted organic fertilizers and spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
Watering is required frequent, but not too abundant. The topsoil should dry out before the next watering. Lack of moisture leads to wilting and drying of the bush, and excessiveness leads to the appearance of fungus, various diseases and pests on the plant.
Loosening and weeding
Loosening provides access to the necessary oxygen to the root system. It is necessary to regularly loosen the soil around the trunk, remove weeds in time.
Organic fertilizers are applied before planting, and the first feeding should be special potash preparations.
After 25-30 days, foliar top dressing is done by spraying on a cloudy day. If necessary, root feeding is repeated one more time during the season.
Pruning and shaping 2-3 stems
Tying ensures the safety of the plant, and they begin this process when the bush reaches 35-40 cm. For the tie, you will need a soft rope, two stakes from 1 meter high and above, they are located opposite.
Bushes are tied up, making sure that the shoots and the central trunk rest on the ropes, do not interfere with each other, and the ropes themselves do not adhere tightly to the trunk and branches, it is imperative to leave a gap.
It is carried out regularly, every 3-5 days. If this is not done, ripe tomatoes begin to suffer from fungal diseases and can infect still green ones. Tomatoes reach full ripeness when they acquire a cherry-chocolate color and become 150-200 gr in size.
Pest and disease control
The pests and diseases that are found on this variety do not differ from the usual ones, it can be: fungal diseases, late blight, cracking of fruits, phomosis, aphids, spider mites.
Phomosis - looks like brown spots of rot, pressed into the fruit. The disease is provoked by high humidity and excessive nitrogen content in the soil. All damaged fruits are destroyed, and the bushes themselves are treated with special means.
Prevention of phytophthora is the correct neighborhood (it is impossible to plant next to potatoes), crop rotation is observed, fertilizers are applied in a timely manner, and the plants are regularly sprayed with agents flooded with disease.
Fruit cracking occurs if the irrigation regime is irregular: either too rare or excessive. Unripe tomatoes are especially prone to cracking, and an infection can get into the cracks and decay will begin.
Various folk remedies and specialized preparations, which can be purchased at a flower or hardware store, help from aphids.
Spider mite is a small red spider that envelops plants with cobwebs and drinks juice from leaves and stems. They cope with it with folk remedies and spraying Karbofos.
Having studied the reviews on numerous forums, you can see that there are much more positive characteristics than negative ones.
Tomatoes Carbon fell in love with summer residents for their taste, large fruits, productivity and unpretentious cultivation. And of the shortcomings, the unevenness of the tuberosity of the fruit is often noted.
Proven by vegetable growers and rather early ripening variety Carbon gives an excellent harvest, pleases with its taste. The juicy, fleshy fruits are great for fresh consumption and for making tomato juice, and even an inexperienced grower can handle the care and cultivation.
And those summer residents who tried to grow the plant on their own even attribute Carbon to collectible varieties of tomatoes.
More similarly about the Carbon grade - in the video: