We are used to seeing peppers in the garden and in the country. At home, they contain spicy varieties, their fruits are miniature and look neat on the bush.
Fire pepper is one of the most common types. How to grow pepper light from seeds, and organize care?
- Hot pepper varieties suitable for growing at home
- We grow pepper light on the windowsill
- How to care for an ornamental bush
Hot pepper varieties suitable for growing at home
The bushes have an attractive appearance. Fruits in the process of ripening change color from green to yellow, and then to red or burgundy purple. Indoor hot peppers vary in shape, flavor, and can be kept as perennials.
The Aladdin variety quickly ripens and is famous for its high yield. The fruit is inherent in the shape of a cone, the color changes from cream or purple to deep red. Plant height is 35-40 cm.
The variety has taken root perfectly as a room in our latitudes. It is appreciated for its pleasant aroma and decorative appearance. Such a bush is a real decoration of the house. 35 cm high, strewn with miniature bright fruits that resemble lights. The color changes according to the standard scheme - from pale green to bright red.
Peppers ripen 3.5-4 months after planting. Up to 100 specimens can be collected from each bush.
An unusual plant, which can simultaneously contain fruits of red, yellow, purple, orange and yellow colors. Begins to bear fruit later than its counterparts, gives a good harvest.
An interesting plant with an original appearance. The bush is distinguished by a dark purple color of the leaves, such an unusual plant will be a great addition to the interior. Ripe fruits acquire a classic red color, only 2.5 cm long.
Pepper with an interesting bell-shaped fruit shape. Differs in an unusual taste - from sweetish on the outside to spicy closer to the middle.
It is one of the most popular chili varieties. The fruits are shaped like a heart, the weight of each is no more than 15 g. It is one of the hottest peppers. It has a tempting fruity aroma.
We grow pepper light on the windowsill
Anyone can grow a decorative light pepper at home, if desired. As a reward for your efforts, you will receive a beautiful bush with bright fruits. The most suitable planting time covers the period from late February to mid-March.
Go through the seeds, say goodbye to damaged or improper looking seeds. Rinse the good ones thoroughly with water and place on a napkin to dry.
Before planting, it is advisable to wrap the seeds in wet gauze. Germination will begin in about a day.
For a kind of light, a sand mixture is suitable. Mix equal proportions of peat, sand, turf and leafy soil. Or purchase a ready-made tomato and pepper substrate.
Planting seeds in the soil
We choose a deep pot, not forgetting to put a drainage layer (pebbles) on the bottom. The substrate must be watered the day before planting. Seeds are placed in the prepared soil to a depth of 0.5-1 cm. After that, watering is carried out, and the pot is covered with foil and placed in a warm room. This will create a greenhouse effect.
After a few days, the film is removed and the plant is watered. After germination of the shoots, the pot is placed on a shaded windowsill. When the first leaves appear, the pepper can be transplanted into the main large pot.
Indoors, you can start growing pepper light in any season. It should be borne in mind that when planting in the cold season, the daylight hours are much shorter. This means that the shoots will stretch poorly and grow more slowly.
How to care for an ornamental bush
Proper maintenance is the basis for successful plant growth and health. Let's consider the main elements of care.
Watering should be sufficient, but the roots should not be kept in water all the time. Adjust the frequency according to the season and the humidity in the room. Do not overuse watering in winter, this can lead to deterioration of the pepper.
Temperature and location
The light is a lover of light and warmth. They are especially necessary for the plant in the first six months of life. The bush is placed on the southern windowsills. Artificial light sources should be arranged in winter. The plant will be comfortable at a temperature of + 22 C or more. Pepper, like many plants, does not like drafts.
As a top dressing, special ready-made mixtures for peppers are used, with which the earth is fertilized once every 2 weeks. Poultry droppings can be used once a month.
Pinching and crown formation
Many are interested in: how to pinch decorative peppers and when to do it? We are accustomed to the fact that in the garden the plant grows like an annual. At the end of the season, it is removed. It is easy to keep the pepper as a perennial at home. Pruning will help with this.
After the end of fruiting, the shoots are cut by 1/3. When planted in early spring, this period falls in the fall. After the procedure, watering and feeding are minimized. Thanks to pinching, it is possible to extend the life of indoor peppers by 4-5 years.
The bush is small and neat. Therefore, the garter can be discarded.
Experts advise replanting homemade peppers every two years. Choose a larger pot and add fresh soil.
If you decide to settle decorative peppers in your home, you should take proper care of it. Pay attention to the correct seed planting technology, start caring for the plant from the very beginning. Then the Ogonyok will delight you with lush shoots and many juicy fruits.
More information about growing a plant in indoor conditions - when watching the video: