It is known that in winter the human body suffers from a lack of vitamins. Of course, the prices for some of them, and especially greens, bite in winter. But you should not worry too much about this: if you wish, you can grow greens with your own hands, even in an ordinary city apartment, this is not at all difficult to do.
For example, using helpful tips, you can easily master the technology of forcing onions on a feather. At the same time, the green mass has a delicate and pleasant aroma, contains quite a lot of vitamins and phytoncides, its use in the preparation of salads and first courses can significantly improve their taste.
- How to grow green onions at home
- Onion planting options
- Bridge option for growing onions at home
- How hydroponic forcing is done
How to grow green onions at home
Forcing onions is possible all year round. It is important that in this case you can do without creating any special conditions. It should be borne in mind that the quality and activity of forcing green onions on a feather depends on the quantities and what nutrients are contained in the planted onion.
From this we can conclude: there is no big difference where exactly the cultivation will take place: in the beds, in a greenhouse, or, in general, on the window, in a flower pot. But, those who will try as much as possible and create all the conditions for proper distillation will be able to collect a well-fortified and rich harvest of greens.
Initially, we will understand the question of varieties, which of them are more suitable for forcing a feather, and which are best planted to get large bulbs.
You can get great greens by using bulbs with multiple buds. About five leaves are formed on them.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that such types of onions are more active in giving greens:
- batun and leek
- shallots and slime
All of the proposed species are interesting for their qualities and characteristic differences. Therefore, whether to opt for any one species, or to plant all at the same time - the decision is exclusively personal.
It is possible to grow onions on a feather in greenhouse conditions and in open ground. Landing in the ground is carried out either in late autumn, a few weeks before the onset of the first frost, or with the arrival of spring, after the snow melts.
Prepare the bulbs just before planting. This is done as follows: the bulbs are placed in warm water and left in this state for about a day. Before placing the soaked onions in the ground, the top of each of the bulbs is slightly incised.
Such simple actions will speed up the forcing process and significantly increase yields.
Onion planting options
There are two options for planting onions to get greens in open-air beds: ribbon or pavement. The second option involves placing the bulbs quite tightly to each other. To fill 1 sq. m of area, about 10 kg of starting material of the desired grade will be required.
The tape landing option involves placing the bulbs in special furrows made in the soil, at a distance of about three centimeters from each other. At the same time, it is advisable to leave the distance from one row to another within 15 cm. In cases when the tape planting is carried out in the fall, the area with the planted bulbs should be covered with a layer of humus-sprinkle.
Planting onions on a feather in the open field can also be done by sowing seeds. This option is rarely used. Basically, he attracts with minimal costs for the acquisition of source material. But, to get ready-to-eat green onions, in this case, it will take much longer.
The calculations and practical experience show that forcing green onions on a feather, as a business, is an economically profitable occupation, and, of course, you will have to make a lot of work.
In addition, you will need to provide a market for the finished product and calculate the planting time so that the harvesting process is evenly distributed.
Bridge option for growing onions at home
In greenhouse conditions, onions can be grown on feathers throughout the year. In greenhouse conditions, cultivation is carried out exclusively by the bridge method. The land in the greenhouse must be well fertilized. Experts advise to apply fertilizers exclusively of natural origin to the soil and in no case use preparations containing chemical ingredients.
By analogy with planting in open ground, the bulbs are pre-soaked in warm water for a day and the upper part is also cut before planting.
Care does not require time and physical costs, but should be carried out regularly and include:
- periodic and sufficient watering
- not frequent, but high-quality feeding
- compliance with the temperature regime
- ensuring that there are no drafts
The only thing that requires attention with this planting option is the tracking and control of diseased plants. If similar ones are found, they are immediately removed. Only this way of fighting will help to protect the future harvest from death. It is advisable to collect feathers only after the length of feathers reaches 30 cm.
How hydroponic forcing is done
Growing green feathers hydroponically is a convenient option to provide your family with fresh greens throughout the year. Growing under these conditions implies a significant reduction in time from the first day of planting to full maturity.
With regard to the choice of the variety and type of planting material for hydroponics, it is necessary to be based solely on your own preferences.
When starting planting, by analogy with the previous options, it is necessary to prepare the initial planting material. But, in the process of preparation, both the above methods and others can be applied.
For example, a certain amount of wood ash can be added to the water for soaking, and also, after making the cuts on the bulbs, do not plant immediately, but place it in a place devoid of light for a couple of days and only after the agreed time start planting.
In addition, some equipment will need to be prepared. It is called hydroponic slabs and is sold in specialty stores. It will not be possible to do without special fertilizers in liquid form, you can buy them in the same stores. The material is planted exclusively in a moistened substrate. The planted onions will immediately have access to nutrients.
When planting bulbs in hydroponics, remember to keep the same distance between seedlings, 3 cm between rows and 3 cm in rows between bulbs.
The first week after planting, hydroponics should spend in a cool place with limited light rays. This time and such conditions will be enough for the roots to have time to develop and therefore become a kind of guarantor of the development of the pen.
Subsequent time, hydroponics should spend in conditions opposite to the original. From the second week onwards, the plantation should be placed in a place where the plants will have enough light. The light source must be taken care of in advance.
This applies to the winter period, daylight hours for plants, without fail, will have to be extended with the help of fluorescent lamps.
We'll have to think about how it will be easier to comply with the temperature regime. The temperature should not be less than 25 degrees. Temperature also has a positive effect on the growth rate of the feather.
If you listen to the advice and create conditions for growing onions on a feather, then after two weeks it will be possible to harvest. Forcing green onions on a feather from 1 square meter can reach 10 kg, if before harvesting, the height of the feathers reaches 30 cm.
Let's watch the video about how green onions are forced on a feather: