Representatives of the Hibiscus genus from the Malvovy family have firmly taken their place in indoor floriculture. We will try to tell you how to transplant hibiscus at home.
- When and why to transplant hibiscus
- Hibiscus transplant instructions
- How to properly care for hibiscus after transplant
When and why to transplant hibiscus
Almost all indoor plants sooner or later need a transplant, hibiscus is no exception. The reasons for the transplant can be:
- rapid plant growth and development of the entire planting capacity
- soil replacement after purchase
- purchasing a more stylish pot
Time of year to transplant
Almost all indoor hibiscus have a fairly long flowering period, followed by a dormant period. Most often, the plant begins to actively grow and gain color with the onset of March. The active growing season ends in October.
During this period, the plant may grow buds several times. Based on the life cycle, the best time to transplant is in March.
The initiated processes of awakening will accelerate the rooting and shorten the adaptation time. You can transplant in the summer. A transplant in the fall is undesirable. The plant enters a state of dormancy, its life processes slow down. Important! Do not transplant hibiscus during flowering.
How many times to transplant
When grown properly, hibiscus can grow to a fairly decent size even when grown indoors. The height of the plant reaches 1.5, and sometimes up to 3.0 m. This indoor flower grows especially rapidly in the first three years, at this time it needs to be transplanted annually, and in some cases even once every 6-7 months.
Mature plants require less repotting. Unnecessarily, they should not be transplanted more often than once every two to three years.
Consequences of an untimely transplant
If the plant is not transplanted after purchase in the store, it is fraught with a stop in growth, the development of pests and a lack of flowers. Flower growers grow their products in soil enriched with growth stimulants. Such cultivation gives only a short-term effect of good growth.
If the roots of the plant are completely entwined with a clod of earth, then it will begin to suffer from a lack of nutrients, lag behind in growth, and lose decorativeness. Hibiscus not only stops blooming, but also loses its leaves. To make the plant easier to endure the procedure, during its implementation, you need to adhere to several rules.
Hibiscus transplant instructions
Soil and pot selection
Taking into account the fact that the plant will grow in the new soil from one to three years, it should be fertile enough. The potting mix for hibiscus transplanting should be composed of the following components:
- turf land 2 parts
- rotted humus 1 part
- peat soil 1 part
- sand 1 part
All components must first be disinfected and only then mixed. To obtain a more balanced mixture, for every two kg, you need to add 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants. We must not forget about the drainage material. For this, expanded clay and broken brick are suitable.
Taking into account the rapid growth of young hibiscus, you can take a new pot with a volume of one third larger than the old one, especially if the root system of the plant is heavily entangled with a clod of earth in the old pot. Adult hibiscus grow in large tubs or flowerpots.
If the size of the root system allows you to leave the plant in the old pot, you just need to transplant it into new soil. If the dimensions of the aboveground and underground parts have outgrown the dimensions of the landing tank, it is changed to a larger one. In the period between transplants, once a year, the top layer of the earth is changed in tubs with adults.
Video about transplanting and pruning hibiscus:
Before starting the procedure, the flower must be removed from the old pot. In order to make the process easier, the plant must be well watered a few hours before it. Having taken out the hibiscus, it is required to examine its roots. If they are light and elastic, and there are no traces of pests in the soil and it does not have a putrid smell, the roots can not be freed from the earthy coma.
It is enough to remove only the upper part of the soil. If there are rotten roots or traces of insects are visible, the old soil must be removed. Rinse the roots with water, cut off all rotten parts and treat the root system with Fundazole solution.
The instruction will help to correctly transplant hibiscus:
- make holes in the bottom of the pot for water outflow
- pour a layer of drainage material 4-5 cm
- try on hibiscus to the size of the pot
- fill in a layer of soil
- install the plant, the distance from the earthen clod to the top should be 5 cm
- by removing or adding soil, achieve the desired position of the hibiscus in the new pot
- fill the soil evenly, filling all the voids between the plant and the walls of the pot
- after filling the pot with soil, the root collar should remain at ground level
- put the flower pot in a tray and water abundantly
- wait for all excess water to drain and remove the pan
- if the ground after irrigation has sat down, it needs to be filled up
The success of the transplant depends on continued care.
How to properly care for hibiscus after transplant
To make the plant less painful, it is advisable to transfer it to its original place. However, if the direct sun falls on the plant, the flower must be protected from its rays during rooting. In the case when the air in the room is dry, and this usually happens during the heating season, additional moisture is provided to the plant. To do this, spray the air 2-3 times a day.
A special humidifier can be installed. It happens that after 7-8 days after transplantation, the leaves wither, their condition after watering does not improve. In this case, it is necessary to reduce the load on the plant roots. For this, it is advisable to prune the shoots. It is enough to shorten some of them by a third, and to even cut off some of them.
During this period, it is important not to flood the plant, since the suction system of the roots after transplantation does not fully work. Even if the flower has thrown off all the leaves, after 30 - 35 days new buds appear and it recovers very quickly. If after transplanting there are trimmed parts of the hibiscus, they can be used for cutting and rooting cuttings.