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To preserve garlic after harvest, you need to store it properly. There are various ways to store garlic, even at home.
- Garlic growing rules
- Garlic Care Before Harvesting
- Correct harvest
- How to store garlic
Garlic growing rules
In order to ensure high-quality growth and development of vegetable crops, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for this. Garlic grows well on loamy or sandy loam soil with neutral acidity. The beds are best placed in a lighted area and can be placed with other crops.
To grow summer garlic, planting material should be properly prepared, sorted. Before planting spring garlic, you need to germinate: place the cloves in a damp cloth bag, and then in a plastic bag for several days.
Planting spring garlic is recommended in the spring, after the soil warms up. The optimal time is early or mid-April. Garlic should be planted to a depth of about 6 cm.
The beds must be mulched. Spring garlic shoots will appear at a temperature of +3 degrees, and ripening occurs at +25 degrees. Winter garlic is planted in early September.
It is not recommended to grow on soils where onions and garlic used to grow. Before planting, you need to add 5-7 kg of humus and a tablespoon of superphosphate to the soil. If the soil is clay, then you need to add a bucket of peat. Next, the beds should be dug up and leveled.
Garlic Care Before Harvesting
During the growing season, garlic should be watered frequently and abundantly. The active growth of the vegetable depends only on the amount of moisture supplied. When fruits are formed, watering is reduced. Fertilize regularly. You can use mullein or bird droppings.
Fertilization time is spring. In the summer, an ash solution is introduced (200 g of ash will be needed for 10 liters of water). The soil in the beds should be constantly loosened. It is recommended to mulch the soil with rotted horse manure.
In order for garlic to retain all its nutrients, it is important not only to properly care for it, but also to prepare it for storage. It is important to harvest according to the ripening period. Garlic varieties planted in autumn are harvested in the second decade of July.
If the planting of garlic was carried out in the summer, then the optimal time for harvesting is the first days of September. Untimely harvesting of garlic will lead to the fact that the bulbs will begin to disintegrate into cloves, and new roots will appear at the bottom. As soon as the feathers began to turn yellow, then this is a sign when you need to get ready to harvest the garlic.
For 1.5 - 2 weeks, you need to cancel watering. This will make it easier to pull the bulbs out of the ground. The husk should rustle and fall behind easily. Cleaning should be done before rains start, as wet weather will ruin the bulbs and will not last long. Damaged or rotten bulbs should be stored in a separate container during harvest.
Drying is an important step in preparing garlic for storage. The garlic must be dried along with the herbs. The nutrients will go directly to the bulb. In sunny weather, the crop is taken out into fresh air, after placing it on a baking sheet.
The bulbs should be dried within 3-5 days. If the weather is cloudy, then drying is carried out in a ventilated room. After high-quality drying of the bulbs, cut the roots and leave about 2-3 mm. The stem should also be trimmed, while the length of the neck should be about 10 cm.
How to store garlic
The method of storing garlic is chosen taking into account the level of humidity and temperature. There are two storage methods: warm and cold. With the warm method, the bulbs are stored in a room where the humidity is 50-79%, and the temperature is + 16- + 20 degrees. This storage method is best used for spring garlic.
Video on the correct storage of garlic after harvest:
If winter garlic was grown, then it is stored in a cold way. The humidity level in the room should be within 70-80%, and the temperature should be around + 2- + 4 degrees. Storage will vary depending on the growing period. Store garlic at home away from heaters and batteries. Storage space can be a cellar, a drawer on the balcony, or a refrigerator.
Choose a storage container with holes so that the garlic "breathes". These can be shallow boxes, cardboard boxes, nylon stockings, etc. The oldest method is storing garlic in braids. The stems of the bulb were not cut. Received bundles were hung in a cool room.
If the garlic is stored in wooden boxes, then the heads are laid in several layers and covered with salt. Thus, alternate layers to the very top. Salt will protect the garlic from high humidity and possible pests and diseases. You can store garlic in regular glass jars.
After drying, the bulbs are not peeled and placed in layers in sterilized jars and sprinkled with flour. One of the most common ways to store garlic is in cloth bags. If the air humidity in the room is low, then the garlic bulbs can be mixed with onion peels. If the humidity is high, they can be treated with a saline solution.
During storage, you can observe dried cloves under the husk. The teeth were empty because the moisture had evaporated. To avoid this, melt the candle and cover the heads of garlic with the resulting paraffin. The cleaned heads can be stored in sunflower oil.
Sterilize glass jars, fold the cloves of garlic and cover with vegetable oil, store in the refrigerator. When using this method, the shelf life of the vegetable is no more than 3 months. You can use any method, this is the only way you can choose and determine for yourself which is better and more convenient.