Grapes have been consumed by humans for thousands of years. Garden Centers offer a range of excellent varieties for sale.
However, sometimes there is a desire to grow grapes from seed. This most often happens when grapes of an unknown variety are ingested. The berries are so good that you want to get exactly the same ones. We will try to find out how to grow grapes from seeds.
- Grape seeds as planting material
- Sowing grape seeds to obtain a seedling
- Transplanting grape seedlings into open ground and care in the year of planting
Grape seeds as planting material
If, for one reason or another, a decision is made to grow grapes from seeds, it is important to remember that sometimes grapes of hybrid forms come across. It is very difficult to predict the end result when growing from seeds. Some plants will give berries that are similar to the original material, others can turn out to be very different in their characteristics.
They can be either better or worse than those from which the seeds were taken for planting. If the resulting options are not very satisfactory, then they can be used for decorative purposes or grown as rootstocks.
How to choose and prepare seeds for planting
To harvest the seeds, you need to choose the berries you like. They must be ripe. They may need to be held for a few days for final maturation at room temperature.
Ripe grapes are cut and the seeds are carefully removed. The seeds in light varieties should be light brown or deep olive. The color of the seeds in dark varieties should be almost black. After the seeds are removed, they must be rinsed in water, removing the remnants of the grape pulp.
If you plant such a fresh seed in a pot, then it is unlikely to sprout very quickly, and most likely, the sprout may not appear at all. In order for the bone to germinate, you need to do several mandatory procedures. The washed bones are first placed in clean water for a day. Then rinse them again and dry. Stratification is an important step in growing grapes from seed.
It usually starts in December. The seeds can be folded into a damp cloth or wrapped in damp moss. Then send them to the vegetable section of your home refrigerator for 60 to 70 days.
Every ten days, you need to check the condition of the seeds. If necessary, they are washed and additionally moistened. When the stratification time has passed, it usually ends in March, then the bones are placed in a warm place for a couple of days. To do this, they can be placed closer to a warm battery. After that, you can plant the seeds in the ground.
Sowing grape seeds to obtain a seedling
To obtain a seedling from a grape seed, you need to prepare a light and fertile soil. To do this, mix two parts of humus with one part of sand. Some growers use the soil from the site to get seedlings, where the grape bush will later grow.
After the issue with the soil is resolved, they are filled with cups or pots. It is enough to take containers with a volume of about 0.5 liters. It is desirable to moisten the soil 10 - 20 hours before planting. It is important not to forget about the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot.
Planting grape seeds in the ground
One or two bones are placed in each pot. After that, they are covered with a layer of soil of about 8 - 10 mm. In order to retain moisture, the pots are covered with glass. After that, they are placed in a warm place and wait for the emergence of seedlings. If everything is done correctly, then after about two weeks a seedling will appear on the surface. From this moment on, he needs special care.
An important step in growing a healthy seedling is warmth and light. If the seedlings are obtained in March, then additional light will be needed for about a month. The length of the light period after the emergence of a grape seedling should be at least 15 hours.
In addition, the temperature must be maintained at + 25 degrees. Watering is an important point. Seedlings do not tolerate waterlogging well, so you should not rush with the next portion of water until the top layer of the soil begins to dry out. Usually, by June 10, favorable conditions come for transplanting a young bush of grapes grown from seeds into the ground.
Transplanting grape seedlings into open ground and care in the year of planting
The best place to grow grapes would be a south-facing plot with fertile, loose soil. If it is not possible to plant on such land, then sand is introduced into heavy soils. I do this together with the digging of the site. At the same time, humus is introduced into the ground.
After that, holes are made at a distance of 0.5 - 0.7 m. They are loaded with grape seedlings directly from the pots. Cover the hole with earth. In the early days, it is important:
- protect the seedling from direct sun, for this you can build a canopy. Keep the seedling underneath for the first 5 to 6 days.
- for normal growth immediately after planting in open ground, the seedling is regularly watered. In dry weather, this should be done every two to three days.
- the ground between the bushes must be loosened regularly
- remove weeds thoroughly
In the first year, a seedling from a stone does not need pruning. But for the winter it is better to cover it, especially if the winter hardiness of the original variety is unknown. Usually the first berries from a seedling can be obtained after four years. If the result is not pleasant, the vine can be grafted with another variety.
Video on how to grow grapes from cuttings: