Only in a fairy tale is it possible to find the first flowers under the snow in December. In real life, autumn and winter in many regions last so long that many gardeners want their garden to bloom with the first warm days, even if not all the snow has melted from the soil. We will try to understand these plants, find out which of them will bloom the very first, and which will please with flowering a little later.
- What plants are spring bulbous flowers
- How to grow early flowering small-bulbous plants in the garden
- Planting spring bulb flowers with large bulbs
What plants are spring bulbous flowers
Spring bulb flowers can be divided into two groups by bulb size:
- small-onion, onions 2.0 - 2.5 cm in diameter
- large-bulbous, bulbs larger than 3.0 cm
Flowers with small bulbs differ in flowering time, some of them bloom very early. Depending on the weather conditions, their beautiful inflorescences can be seen as soon as the snow melts on the site. Early flowering small-bulbous ones wake up the very first. This is due to the characteristics of the bulbs. They need significantly less time to wake up. They start growing earlier, giving all their strength to forcing the peduncle and the formation of flowers. As a rule, these are low plants with flowers, most often bell-shaped, collected in inflorescences of various shapes, white, yellow, pink or blue. These include:
- galanthus, flowers are white bells, flowering time occurs in the last decade of March - first decade of April
- spring white flower, differs from galanthus in the shape of the flower and the presence of yellow spots on it
- chionodox, with white, purple, blue flowers
- erythronium american, bright yellow flowers
- Pushkinia, white flowers with blue stripes
- scilla, flower petals are bent back, blue flowers
- muscari, flowers are often blue or purple, but there are varieties with both white and pink inflorescences
Large-bulbous spring flowers begin to bloom from the second half of April and they bloom for a long time. Their flowers are pleasing to the eye even at the beginning of summer, especially if the spring was late and cold, they include the following bulbous:
- imperial hazel grouses
- decorative bows
All spring bulbous flowers are quite hardy and unpretentious, however, there are certain agricultural techniques, the knowledge of which will help to grow bright and beautiful plants on the site.
How to grow early flowering small-bulbous plants in the garden
Almost all spring flowers with small bulbs are propagated by both seeds and daughter bulbs. With seed reproduction, plants bloom after a few years. This method is mainly suitable for plants that very rarely develop daughter bulbs. After flowering and ripening of seeds, a dormant period begins. In most cases, the bulb is dug up, if necessary, the daughter bulbs are separated and stored until autumn. In the fall, they must be planted before the ground freezes. When buying small bulbs of any type of flowers, you should choose strong, without rot, damage and preferably without strongly regrown roots.
Spring white flower
Bulbous perennial plant spring beetle flower is able to open its flowers very early. Shoots appear almost immediately from under the snow. They are low, up to 20 cm, with peduncles reaching a height of 30 cm, with narrow leaves no wider than 1.5 - 2.0 cm. On the peduncle, the flowers are single or paired, white, with yellow or greenish spots on the petals. The flowers are drooping, about 3 cm in size, have a delicate pleasant aroma. The flowering period is about 15 days.
When planting, choose a location with very moist but well-drained and fertile soil. It is best to choose areas with light shade, near natural or artificial bodies of water. If the plant is planting for the first time, it is best to do it with bulbs. At the end of September, add well-rotted manure and peat to the garden bed. They should not be brought in fresh.
In warm autumn weather, the planting time is postponed to the end of October. The bulb is embedded in two depths of its size. In the event that the soil is heavy, then it is enough to close it up no deeper than 1-1.5 times the size. The top of the planting can be mulched with a layer of peat.
With high-quality planting material in spring, the white flower will delight with early and abundant flowering. After a snowy winter, additional watering is not required, but if there was no snow, then the plant needs watering. Also, the plant responds well to the introduction of potash and phosphorus fertilizers. As a disadvantage, it should be noted the tendency to self-seeding.
Scylla or woodland
These plants are distinguished by their original flower shape. The thin petals of the woodland are bent back. At the stem, the petals are almost white, and towards the tops their color changes from light blue to dark blue. The advantage of these colors is their absolute unpretentiousness. They grow equally well in the open sun, in partial shade, and even with significant shade.
Those plants that are planted in good light will bloom two weeks earlier than those placed in the shade. It is important to remember that for all its unpretentiousness, Scylla does not tolerate acidic soil and freezing of moisture. Before planting, it is advisable to add several buckets of forest land to the garden bed. Planting scilla bulbs does not differ from planting white flower bulbs. With seed reproduction, seeds are sown in the ground in spring, but such scillae will bloom only after five years.
Planting spring bulb flowers with large bulbs
Spring bulb flowers, regardless of the size of the bulbs, retain their qualities throughout the entire growing period, they do not degenerate and do not deteriorate their qualities. Large bulbs store more nutrients than small ones. They are stronger, better resist drying or rot, and are easier to store. In addition, botanical tulips, crocuses, daffodils can be dug up once every 5 - 6 years.
Bulbs of varietal or hybrid plants are dug up annually after the ground parts die off. In autumn, most often in October, they are planted in a prepared bed. Large-bulbous flowers bloom at the end of April. Their bloom can capture not only May, but also the first half of June.
Since ancient times, these flowers have been fanned by legends among many peoples. Currently, mainly hybrid forms of daffodils are used in horticulture. It is noteworthy that they all have, as it were, double flowers, consisting of a crown and a perianth. The classic combination is a yellow root and white petals around it. Now there are a variety of color combinations. There are completely yellow, white daffodils, there are double bracts, with bright orange crowns. To plant daffodils, it is best to use bulbs rather than seeds.
When choosing a place, you need to know that daffodils are less demanding on sunlight and soil than tulips. They can be planted both on sod and under trees.
They grow in any fertile soil, but you should still avoid planting them in highly alkaline and swampy lands. The best planting time is mid-September. They dig up the bed, bring in rotted manure, sand. If the bulbs are dug up annually, then they are buried to a depth of 5 cm, if they are left in the ground for 3 years, then the depth should be about 20 cm.When industrial planting for cutting, daffodils are planted in rows, just for landscaping they can be planted in small groups.
In the spring, daffodils are fed with potassium-nitrogen mixtures. As soon as flowering is over and the ground parts begin to dry, the bulb must be dug out, otherwise it will begin to take root again.In addition to the fact that spring bulbous plants bloom well in the open field, you can leave a few bulbs in the fall and plant them for forcing to get beautiful flowers for desired date.
Video about bulb flowers in the garden and their cultivation: