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Barberry is an evergreen shrub with erect shoots. Barberry berries are very juicy, dark red in color.
The weight of one fruit is about four grams. You can enjoy ripe fruits from July to October.
- Useful properties of barberry
- Reproduction of barberry
- Barberry care
Useful properties of barberry
Barberry has a positive effect on the liver. The constituents of the plant are able to improve the flow of bile, thereby preventing the formation of gallstones. The bush root has a laxative and tonic effect on the intestines. The plant also has antioxidant properties.
Any part of it used will protect the human body from various damages. Barberry contains berberine, which helps in the fight against cancerous tumors. The root of the plant has antibacterial properties that prevent respiratory tract infections and improve the digestive system and other diseases.
Also, barberry can be used to treat throat, bronchitis and airway inflammation. The berries of the plant are very rich in vitamin C, so they can be brewed and consumed as a tea to enhance immunity. Also, barberry has the ability to lower blood pressure.
A decoction of barberry fruits helps to restore the vitamin balance of the body. Decoctions from berries are also used to remove toxins and other harmful substances from the body. Very often, barberry is used for weight loss.
Reproduction of barberry
Reproduction of barberry can be done in several ways: cuttings, layering and seeds. When choosing a particular breeding method, you need to take into account all its pros and cons. For example, cuttings take root very slowly. Seed germination depends on the variety and is about forty percent.
Propagation by cuttings. For reproduction, annual branches are used, which have about five internodes. For some period, the cuttings should be in the refrigerator. Rooting should be carried out only when the soil is already slightly warmed up. If grafting will take place in the fall, then it is advisable to do this before the onset of the first frost.
Experienced gardeners recommend propagating barberry with green cuttings. This material takes root quite easily. The length of the cutting should be about seven centimeters. It is advisable to remove the lower pair of leaves from the cutting, and it is better to cut the upper leaves in half. For planting cuttings, it is necessary to prepare the soil containing sand and peat.
The landing should be carried out at a slope, leaving one internode on the surface. In order for the cutting to take root, the ambient temperature must be within twenty-three degrees.
As for humidity, it should be high - 85-90%. Reproduction by layering. Breeding in this way is necessary in the spring. On the bush, a lower one-year shoot is selected, which must be bent to the ground and laid in a previously made groove. The groove must be at least twenty centimeters deep. The cut must be completely covered with earth, leaving only its top.
By the fall, the shoot takes root and can already be used as a seedling. Reproduction by seeds. All plant varieties are amenable to seed propagation, except seedless ones. It is advisable to choose seeds from the ripe berries. To do this, the pulp is removed, and the selected seeds are washed out in water and treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
At the end, the seeds need to be dried a little. When planting seeds in the ground, small grooves are made in it, which must be filled with sand. The top of this groove is covered with a layer of sawdust. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the barberry germinates quite slowly.
If the seeds are sown in the spring, then they are placed in the refrigerator for the winter. In this case, barberry seeds should be in a tray with a mixture of sand and peat. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, they can be planted.
In order for all shoots and cuttings to take root well and look healthy, they need to be looked after. Plant care consists in watering it, feeding and pruning dry branches. Watering should be daily, as barberry will not develop during long-term drought. If the summer is rainy, then watering can be done every two weeks.
As for feeding, then it should be carried out in the second year after planting the plant. This is due to the fact that a sufficient amount of nutrients was initially placed in the planting pit. You need to start fertilizing barberry in the spring. As a top dressing, urea (30 grams) is used, diluted in a bucket of water. In the future, you need to fertilize the barberry every two to three years.
Pruning of dry unnecessary branches is carried out every year. You also need to prune when the bush is heavily thickened. The first pruning is carried out in the second year after planting with the formation of a bush. All subsequent pruning is carried out in order to maintain the shape of the bush.
Tips for planting barberry: