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In landscape design, in addition to ornamental plants, various trees are used to decorate a summer cottage. To plant greenery in a suburban area as soon as possible, fast-growing trees are chosen. There are different types of fast growing trees.
- Deciduous fast growing trees
- Conifers of fast-growing trees
- Types of fast-growing fruit trees
- What you need to know when choosing fast growing trees
Deciduous fast growing trees
From shady trees, they are mainly deciduous with a thick and wide crown. Under such trees you can not only walk, but also relax and have lunch. They can grow up to 40 meters in height. Shady trees include:
- Northern red oak. A tree with a wide trunk covered with smooth and gray bark. Grows well in moist and acidic soils. It can reach a height of up to 21 meters. Oak leaves are shiny with a reddish tint, about 25 mm long. Red oak is resistant to frost and wind. This is a light-loving and shade-tolerant tree. It is recommended to plant in early spring.
- Maple. It can reach a height of up to 40 m. This fast-growing tree is very decorative in the autumn, as the leaves are beautifully shaped and differ in a variety of colors.
There are different types of maples: holly, ash-leaved, fan-shaped, green-winged, red, silver, etc. Each species requires certain soil conditions. Tulip tree. It is a tall, upright tree, the height of which can be about 30 m. It grows best on loose soils with a high humus content. Another name for the tulip tree is yellow poplar, as the leaves of the two trees are very similar. After flowering, yellow poplar can litter the area, so it is better to plant over a large area.
Gray elm. This large tree has a rounded and elliptical crown. Depending on the type, the height can vary from 10 to 40 meters. The following types of gardening are used: rough elm, hornbeam elm, small-leaved elm, smooth elm. They grow mainly on loose, fertile and alkaline soils. Due to its dense foliage, the elm gives a dense shade, but the tree itself loves illuminated areas. This decorative tree is used for landscaping a suburban area, creating group and mixed plantings, as well as hedges.
Poplar. Unlike other deciduous trees, it is the largest. The average height is about 40-45 meters, and some species can reach 60 meters. This deciduous tree with decorative foliage and crown is very often used in landscaping the site. It is better to use specimens that do not form poplar fluff. Leukoid, deltoid and balsamic poplars are used in landscape design.
Birch tree. It can grow up to 2 meters per year. Prefers spacious and humid places. Among all the varieties of this tree, the most common are curly and drooping birch. Used tree in the garden for landscaping small recreation areas. White acacia. The tree is tall with a spreading crown. In the first year, the plant can grow over one meter in height. During the flowering period, beautiful acacia flowers will delight you with their aroma for a long time.
Conifers of fast-growing trees
Any kind of coniferous trees will transform the look of any suburban area. In a short time, the following types of conifers are able to grow. European larch. A tall, monoecious conifer with soft needles that turn light green in spring and golden yellow in autumn. Larch is a winter-hardy and durable tree. Evergreen coniferous tree. The needles are arranged spirally, single. There are various types of this decorative coniferous species. The most popular is the monochromatic fir, since it is this species that has soft, thornless needles and does not shed them for the winter.
Eastern white spruce. The tree is evergreen with blue-green needles. The height can reach 25 meters. It prefers to grow in moist, acidic soil and well-lit areas. False beetle yessolistny. A large coniferous tree with a height of about 60 meters. The needles are bluish-green in color, soft, slightly curved.
Fast growing trees video:
Emits a pleasant aroma when rubbed. Cones are ovoid, differing from other breeds in their structure. Thuja folded. The trunk can be up to 4 meters thick and 60 meters high. The bark is reddish brown and thin. The needles are shiny and flat on the one hand have a yellowish-green tint, and on the other - dark green. This is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed in illuminated areas.
Types of fast-growing fruit trees
Fruit trees grow slightly slower than regular ornamental trees. Rowan. It is a very decorative and valuable fruit tree. In the spring, the tree will decorate the site or garden with a beautiful and lush flowering, and in the fall - with clusters of bright orange berries. White mulberry. A tall fruit plant that can reach 20 meters in height. The spherical crown consists of trunks with brown bark.
Mulberry fruits are black-purple in color, taste sweet and sour, juicy. They are used for food not only processed, but also fresh. Maclura. A tree with a rolling, large crown and thorny shoots. The leaves give a special decorative effect to the tree - dark green on the outside and light on the inside. The tree has a round fruit that resembles an orange in shape and has healing properties.
What you need to know when choosing fast growing trees
When choosing fast-growing trees and shrubs, the size of the site should be taken into account. If the garden plot is small, then the seedlings should be medium-sized. 3-4 pieces will be enough. The rest of the space can be landscaped with shrubs.
These trees are not able to grow in a year to the size of a large tree, despite their name - fast growing. After planting in the first year, the trees get used to their habitat and are notable for their small growth.
Only then, from the second year, the trees begin to grow vigorously, and the growth is about a meter a year, and sometimes even more. When planting, consider the location of the trees and how they will fit into the landscape. The seedlings should be placed so that the trees do not subsequently block the area from the sun. Conifers should be trimmed on time. In a short time, you can turn a suburban area into a real picturesque landscape, and fast-growing trees will help in this.