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Many people dream of getting a room rose. In order for a decorative indoor rose to develop well, care must be correct. Many people believe that this requires a lot of effort, but if the necessary conditions are provided, this flower will delight with its beauty.
- General recommendations
- Planting and transplanting
- Growing conditions
- Plant care
- Resting care
There is more than one type of decorative roses, but they do not have much of a difference in care. Therefore, whichever variety is chosen, general recommendations should be followed. Then the rose will develop well and bloom. But what should be the care for such a plant to take root in the apartment conditions? It doesn't take a lot of effort. It is enough to water the plant in a timely manner, transplant it, feed it.
Experienced experts advise placing the rose on the south or south-east windows. In the warm season, it is not forbidden to take the flower out into the fresh air, moreover, it will only be beneficial. The right soil should be selected for the rose, it must be nutritious. This is a demanding plant, but do not be intimidated, as it is easy to satisfy all its whims.
Planting and transplanting
Experts advise planting and replanting a rose on the growing moon. It is believed that in this case it will develop better, bloom well. If the rose was recently purchased, then you should not rush to transplant. The plant must adapt over several weeks. Specialty shops sell soil designed for roses. It is recommended to purchase it, since it is quite nutritious, which this plant especially needs. When replanting a rose, do not forget about drainage. It should consist of a centimeter layer. There is usually a drain hole in the pot. But if it is not there, then the drainage should be increased to several centimeters. During transplantation, you should not remove the entire earthen lump, part of it, the old soil, is removed. This procedure should be carried out carefully so that the rhizome remains intact.
For transplanting, a pot is selected that is slightly larger than the old container where the plant developed. Ceramic cookware is ideal. To begin with, the pot should be soaked in warm water for several hours if it is new. Before starting the transplant, it is necessary to water the rose well, the water must be absorbed. After that, the bush is carefully removed. When the plant is transplanted, it does not need to be watered, you can only spray the foliage. The pot should be placed in the shade. When 24 hours have passed, then you can put the rose in its original place. After a month, the plant needs feeding. Moreover, it is repeated every 14 days. This procedure is done more often when the buds begin to set.
In order for the rose to develop well, the necessary growing conditions must be provided. This applies to:
The rose loves light, so you should place it on windowsills that are well lit. But in the summer, on the south side, the plant can die from the heat, so it is recommended to put it outside at this time. If this is not possible, then you should choose another place for the rose in the summer. In winter, the room where the rose stands should be cool, and in the summer, you should adhere to a moderate temperature. Often indoor roses in apartments suffer from dryness or overheating. In winter, the plant may die from hypothermia of the rhizome. Therefore, you should protect the rose from drafts.
When the air in the room is very dry, then the leaves will begin to dry, and pests will attack the rose. This plant needs sufficient air humidity. To do this, spray the rose every day. On a balcony or outside, this procedure should be done less often.
Experts advise taking a warm shower for the rose once a week. This will only benefit. The soil must be permeable to air and moisture. After a while, you can loosen the soil. But this procedure requires accuracy, since the root system of the rose is delicate and can be easily damaged. A mixture of turf and humus soil, to which sand is added, is ideal for her.
Decorative roses do not like waterlogging of the soil. It affects them especially negatively in winter and spring, when growth slows down. When young buds begin to sprout, watering should be slightly increased. In the summer, the rose needs to be watered well, moisture gradually decreases by autumn. Water for irrigation should stand for about 24 hours, only then can it be used. It is forbidden to water the rose with cold water. When the plant is in bloom, fertilizer should be applied every week, which is intended for decorative flowers.
Pests can attack the rose. She often suffers from powdery mildew. It appears when the plant is clustered in one place. A white bloom will appear on the foliage and stem, the leaves will slowly dry, curl. If such a problem arises, you need to treat the plant with special preparations. The rose is also attacked by a spider mite. In this case, the foliage suffers from pale spots that begin to increase in size. To fix this problem, you should go to specialty stores that sell anti-tick products.
In rare cases, the rose suffers from aphids. It destroys not only foliage, but also buds. A sticky discharge appears on their surface. Thrips can hit a rose. In this case, the foliage becomes brown with a silvery tint. When these pests appear, the plant also needs help.
Any rose variety has a dormant period. It begins in mid-autumn and lasts until spring. During this period, the plant stops blooming, and the foliage turns yellow. The rose should be placed in a cool room. A temperature of about 8 degrees is ideal for a plant. This is the main obstacle when growing a decorative rose indoors. Apartments are often well heated, so the plant will not be able to survive the dormant period on the windowsill. Therefore, the only option for a rose would be a glazed balcony.
This is where the plant is placed. If there are other cool places, then you should rearrange the rose there. But the next problem comes - this is hypothermia of the soil. After all, it should be slightly warmer than the air temperature. In this case, it is recommended to place the pot with the plant in a container with sawdust. In winter, the rose is not sprayed, rarely watered. If you take care of it correctly, then new buds will grow in March.
In autumn, pruning of old shoots should be carried out. About 5 buds should remain on each branch, foliage does not need to be removed. Failure to do this will affect flowering. Indoor decorative rose needs special care, as it is a capricious plant. But as a result, it will thank you with beautiful and fragrant flowers.
Video on the correct pruning of a decorative rose: