At the end of summer, it is nice to see a bush of wild thickets with delicious aromatic black berries in your garden. Although they have already bred varieties of shrubs without thorns.
- Types of blackberries
- Blackberry divorce
- Shrub Growth Care
- Storage and use
Blackberries contain a huge amount of vitamins and niacin. Blackberry blooms with small white flowers. Before ripening, blackberries turn from green to red, and when ripe, they become saturated black. Ripe berries weigh 6-7 grams. The berries ripen well both in the sun and in slightly shaded places. Shrubs are drought tolerant. The fruits of this berry have anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.
Types of blackberries
The largest number of varieties of blackberry varieties are found in Europe and America. The best of 300 varieties were created by the British. There are quite a lot of hybrids now being bred.
Winter shrub varieties are distinguished by long, straight stems. Varieties that are less winter-tolerant are dewweed. It is distinguished by more curly shoots that can create impenetrable thickets. But upright blackberries are more popular with gardeners. In general, blackberry bushes do not require special soil and grow well in any place. There are also semi-spreading varieties that crawl on supports or creep along the ground.
Unlike other shrubs, blackberries are not planted in autumn, but in spring: in April or early May. It is better to plant the shrub in places protected from gusts of wind. Since the wind interferes with the dusting of flowers and breaks, injures the leaves and berries of blackberries. Thornless varieties bear fruit every year and get sick less.
It is better to take sprouts for breeding in nurseries. Before planting, you need to add mineral and organic substances to the soil. Half a bucket of cow dung, 100 grams of superphosphate and 40 grams of potash fertilizer are poured into the dug hole.
Before planting the shrubs in the ground, you need to remove the damaged pagons and put them in the water for 12 hours. You can plant blackberries in a row. To do this, make holes every 1-1.5 meters. Blackberries are a thorny shrub, and if you plant the bushes very close to each other, picking berries will be inconvenient. The holes should be deeper than the length of the roots. Compact the soil near the seedling after planting, but do not water it. It is more convenient to plant blackberries near the fence.
Using the trellis method to grow blackberries is most handy for gardeners. The shoots rise, and the uniform influence of the sun's rays contributes to the rapid ripening of the fruit. Blackberries grow on two-year-old branches, which then die off. Dry and undeveloped branches are cut and burned, 12-15 healthy shoots are left per 1m2, and newly regrown shoots are removed.
Shrub Growth Care
Good care of blackberry bushes - healthy berries and a large harvest. Blackberry bushes do not like hard soil and weeds. For a greater harvest, the top of the shoot is cut off. This increases the number of side ramifications. With more cuts, the size of the berries increases.
The first year of development, the blackberry will not bloom and will not yield a harvest. For the flawless cultivation of erect blackberries, a timely pinching of young shoots is needed. After reaching a height of 100 - 120 cm, the tops must be cut off by 10 cm. And when the side branches grow, the main ones are again shortened by 50 cm. Thus, the shrub looks compact, but the yield does not decrease. It is worth tying up shoots that grow back and remove weak and unnecessary ones.
After the blackberries bloom, you need to fertilize the soil. It will provide usefulness and nutrients. But do not overdo it with feeding, so as not to lead the shrub to disease. During the period of flowering and ripening of fruits, it is especially important to moisten the soil and weed weeds.
Periodically, the soil needs to be loosened and watered. The necessary fertilizers are required to be laid once a year. For this, peat, cow dung, ash are suitable, and bird droppings can be added regularly. A blackberry bush in one place can grow up to 15 years.
In the fall, you need to cut off weak branches and those that are stretched out. Despite the fact that blackberries are frost-resistant, young shoots must be protected. In late autumn, the bushes are covered for the winter so that they do not freeze. To do this, the branches are carefully tilted to the ground and fixed, and also covered with insulation, garden leaves or spruce branches.
Storage and use
The most delicious fresh blackberry. It can also be frozen and used for making jams, preserves or compotes for the winter. Or add as a filling when baking pies and rolls.
These berries suffer little from pests and diseases. But raspberry beetles also attack blackberries. Pick ripe fruits in time.
Deliver the necessary care to the blackberry bushes in your garden and then you will enjoy delicious vitamin berries all year round.