In Russia, probably there is not a single garden, not a single personal plot where black currants do not grow. Since ancient times, it has been cultivated in monastery gardens as a universal remedy that saves from many diseases.
Thanks to selection, there are more than 200 registered varieties of this berry crop in the world. The titania currant has been enjoying the well-deserved fame and love of gardeners all over the world for over 40 years.
- Origins and adaptability
- Characteristics of the plant and the taste of berries
- Planting and growing
Origins and adaptability
The country of origin of the black currant Titania is Sweden. Bred by pollination of the Altai Dessertnaya variety by the Swedish Kajaanin Musta-Tamas variety. The variety was registered in 1970. It appeared in Russian horticultural farms around 1990-1995. In 1997 - 1999, the Scientific Research Institute in Bryansk tested the adaptive potential of 180 varieties of black currant of domestic and foreign selection.
When tested, Titania gave a yield of 80 centners per hectare, bypassing many varieties of the Altai, Belarusian selection. In terms of vitamin C content (202 mg), it was inferior to the Minai Shmyrev variety (212 mg).
During winter thaws, many blackcurrant varieties come out of dormancy, which leads to the death of flower buds. Late spring frosts also adversely affect. However, when most of the studied varieties in unfavorable weather conditions in 1999 lost from 62 to 70% of flower buds, the Titania variety lost no more than 25% and yielded 50 centners per hectare, the Mihai Shmyrev variety - 81 centners per hectare.
In addition, unexpectedly for the testers, Titania turned out to be one of the most resistant to most diseases:
- powdery mildew
- white and brown spot
Titania is currently being used by breeders to develop new varieties. For example, for a promising variety of Polish selection Tisel, Titania was the base one.
Characteristics of the plant and the taste of berries
The Titania bush is formed by straight shoots up to one and a half meters high. The crown is domed, its diameter is 1.5 m. During the summer season, young shoots give good vegetative growth, which makes it possible to form a not bad bush in the second year from a seedling planted with a cuttings.
The first ripe berries can be harvested in early July. Extended ripening allows for a phased harvest in three steps, which provides fresh berries for 20-25 days and may well eliminate the need to plant late currants, which is important for small gardens?
Long clusters can consist of 20-23 compactly arranged berries. The color is black when fully ripe, with a slight glossy sheen. The average weight of berries is from 1.3 g to 4 g, their flesh is green, with a dessert, slightly wine taste. The sugar content is quite high - 6.6%, acid - 3.2%.
Perfectly tolerates machine assembly and long-distance fresh transportation, which allows Titania to be grown on an industrial scale.
Berries are used in:
- revised form
Planting and growing
It is better to choose a place for black currants around the perimeter of the site. The area intended for this culture must be cleared of weeds and its roots in advance. Dig up thoroughly and apply organic and mineral fertilizers.
Taking into account the growth of the crown of the Titania bushes over 1.5 m, then dig the planting holes at a distance of 1.8-2 meters, the same distance should be between the rows. Planting the bushes in a checkerboard pattern will make it easier to harvest and move between plants.
The size of the pit cannot be less than 0.4 m by 0.4 m; we pour ash and forest leaves at the bottom.
Place the seedling in the hole at an angle to the ground. This position will allow faster formation of additional roots and ensure good growth of the plant. It is desirable to direct the top to the south or southeast. We deepen the root collar into the ground by at least 5 cm. Regardless of the condition of the soil, we water the seedling.
For planting, it is advisable to choose seedlings with at least one long, well-developed shoot. After planting, we trim it in half, leaving at least 3-5 buds. Such pruning causes increased growth of lateral shoots. You can plant currants both in autumn and in spring.
Given that Titania starts growing early enough in the spring, an autumn planting is preferable. It has been experimentally proven that this variety is able to withstand frost down to -34 degrees, so the plant does not need additional shelter.
In the spring, it is necessary to cut the tops of the shoots, which will affect the appearance of the branches and increase the yield. Treat with fungicides and feed with mineral and organic fertilizers. Titania easily tolerates hot dry weather, but in case of prolonged drought, it is necessary to ensure watering of the plant. In damp, rainy summers, its berries can be sour than usual.
Without replanting and reducing yields, Titania grows in one place for up to 15 years, but it is important to periodically remove old shoots. For the renewal of the bush with young shoots, annually, in the spring, it is necessary to dig in one lateral shoot, which will give new stems.
It is better to purchase varietal currants from trusted producers, in specialized fruit nurseries, then Titania will not let you down and will give a good harvest.
Harvesting Titania on video: