Mint is a highly aromatic perennial with scalloped leaves and tiny purple, pink, or white flowers that has one of the most recognizable aromas. It is most commonly used to flavor dishes or as a side dish, although many types of mint are also grown for their unique flavors.
- Growing mint at home
- How to plant mint in a pot
- How to grow mint on a windowsill
- Planting mint in the country
Growing mint at home
Mint propagates in two ways
You can also divide an existing bush into several separate plants. For this, the plant is dug up, dried a little and divided.
This aromatic plant is difficult to grow from seed and is nearly impossible with some varieties. So that all efforts are not in vain, you need to carefully prepare, and first choose a suitable place:
- Peppermint thrives in plenty of sunlight. However, she does not like dry conditions, which necessitates planting in partial shade. The plant should receive at least 4 hours of sun per day. Windows that face south or southwest may be the best choice, although an east or west side will also be acceptable. The windows on the north side are not well lit.
- The plant is resilient and unpretentious, but optimal soil composition and correct placement will give the best results. It is recommended to choose a damp, well-drained area.
The best soil for mint is fertile and well-drained. Waterlogged soil will give a less beautiful plant. Special preparations can be used to create the best growing conditions, but mint will thrive in almost any soil.
How to plant mint seeds
Growing mint from seeds can be quite a difficult task and is not generally recommended for novice gardeners. If this method of planting is chosen, then the seeds are planted in pots or trays in which the surface of the earth is barely wet. The depth is not more than 0.5 cm. The seed tray must be placed in a place with a temperature of 21-24 ° C or covered with transparent plastic wrap until they germinate, usually it takes 7-16 days.
When the seedlings are large enough, they must be transplanted into pots with a diameter of at least 8 cm and placed in cooler conditions to gradually acclimatize the mint to external conditions. After 7 to 10 days, you can start planting outdoors. It is better to place the plant in the sun or partial shade at a distance of 30 cm from each other. In addition, mint grows well in containers where rapid growth can be controlled.
Propagation of mint by cuttings
Cuttings are easier to grow mint. To do this, you need to cut a twig, about ten centimeters, on which the knot with leaves is located, to allow the new bush to grow in its place. Place the twig in a glass of water. Within a week, small white roots will begin to appear on it, which should be submerged. You need to wait a few days or a week for the roots to develop to a decent length. You need to add water to the glass as needed.
If you plan to plant a new bush in the ground, then it is better to start growing mint in the spring, when there is no frost outside. Although mint is a hardy plant, it is best to start growing it under optimal conditions.
Regardless of whether the mint grows in soil or in a container, the cuttings sit 5 centimeters deep. If several seedlings are planted, then they are placed 15 centimeters apart. This will give each seedling plenty of room to grow.
The best habitat for a new bush is one that receives morning sun and partly daytime. In order for the bush to be lush, it is not recommended to dry it completely. You can place a mint pot indoors, on a windowsill, as long as it is in a place that will receive enough sunlight, it will grow well.
The best conditions for growing mint in the ground are fertile soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. While the shrub can grow on its own without issue, a little fertilization every few weeks won't hurt it. Putting mulch around the plant can help protect the roots and retain moisture.
How to plant mint in a pot
You can transplant a ready-made mint seedling into a pot or grow it from seeds. As with most herbs, it is important to stay hydrated, as too much moisture will cause the roots to rot. To prevent this from happening, a drainage layer must be placed on the bottom of the pot. There should be holes at the bottom through which excess water will go. You need to use a saucer or tray under the pot to collect it.
Clay pots can be used for planting, but they can dry out quickly. If the climate is predominantly dry or the plant will be indoors during the winter, when the house is heated and the air becomes especially dry, then it is better to use a plastic container or pot that will not dry out as quickly as clay.
If, in addition to mint, other herbs will grow in the pot, then it is better to take dishes with a diameter of 30 centimeters or more. So that the bush does not grow much, you can immerse the entire small pot with the plant in a larger one, leaving space for other herbs nearby.
How to grow mint on a windowsill
The main feature of growing a mint bush on a windowsill is maintaining the temperature regime. At night, the temperature near the window may drop, which will not be comfortable for the flower. It is necessary to protect the foliage from touching the glass in order to prevent them from dying.
If there is a lot of sun and heat on the windowsill, then the bush should thrive, but you shouldn't keep it cool. The leaves will hang down and disappear after a while in the cool air.
It must be remembered that the air near the window will be colder in winter (and hotter in summer) than the average room temperature, so adjust the plant accordingly.
Dry air, from air conditioning or heating, has a detrimental effect on most herbs, so if you can, you need to do a weekly shower in the sink, and this will be good for your appearance. In addition, you need to fertilize the bushes about once a month if the leaves are torn off regularly.
Planting mint in the country
Growing a mint bush in the country is no different from growing on a windowsill.
If you plan to grow a mint bush in a flower garden, then first you need to immerse it in a container, for example, in a saucepan. Leave the edge of the container above ground level so that the root system is separate from the rest of the plants. If you do not do this, then the mint will grow on the lawn like a weed.
Keep the top of the plant trimmed. This prevents it from growing too tall, and causes the shrub to grow more to the side. It also creates a higher yield. The reason for too active growth upward may be a lack of moisture.
The bush blooms from June to September. Gardeners recommend pruning the buds before they begin to open to keep the plant in check. The plant should be divided every two or three years. After a few years, the roots will completely occupy the space of the container, as a result of which they become cramped. Transplanting mint every 2-3 or even 3-4 years will help preserve the flavor and flavor of the mint, maintaining its beauty and strength.
When growing mint in the country, you need to watch out for the appearance of pests and diseases. It can be infested by insects such as spider mites, root weevils, whiteflies, and slugs. To avoid this, you just need to provide good air and soil circulation, good drainage to keep the plant healthy. If any insects are seen, they should be rinsed off with water from a garden hose. You can also wash the leaves with insecticidal soap. It is also necessary to look for pests under the leaves of plants. This is the place where they would like to hide.
The mint crop is used in many walks of life. Here are some great uses:
- Serve as an addition to fish, chicken, lamb, or any other protein dish.
- Season salads such as fruit salads.
- Use in drinks like iced tea, lemonade, or mojito shakes.
Useful video about growing mint at home: