Irises are a charming plant that is loved by people of all tastes. Their popularity is also due to their unpretentiousness, since special care for them is not required. Among florists, this is one of the most beloved flowers.
- General principles of planting irises
- Reproduction of irises
- Planting irises
General principles of planting irises
To get a good result, it is important to understand how to properly plant irises. Only the most general information will be needed. Firstly, this plant is classified as a perennial plant. When planting them outdoors, don't worry about even harsh winters. Irises are very cold resistant.
We are interested in the so-called. types of irises planted in gardens. According to the shoots, they are usually divided into two categories. We are talking about plants with a vegetative and generative way of reproduction:
- For the former, the placement of rhizomes underground is typical. They are characterized by annual links. It is from them that later, in the spring, the leaves will appear in a fan.
- For generative shoots, the appearance of peduncles is characteristic. Each of them will have flowers: eight or (much less often) eleven. It all depends on the specific variety we have chosen. The roots of this plant are characterized by a fibrous type. Moreover, their shape is cord-like or thread-like.
Interestingly, thanks to these shrubs, the soil structure in your garden will noticeably improve.
Reproduction of irises
When learning how to plant irises, it is important to understand how they reproduce. There are two of them: the principle of dividing rhizomes or vegetative; the second type is the use of seeds. Usually seed propagation is used when it comes to hybridization. Iris bushes, planted from seeds, will be able to bloom only after 2-3 years. With vegetative propagation, color should be expected from the first year.
If we are talking about the reproduction and cultivation of both varietal and wild-growing specimens, then the vegetative method is perfect.
Vegetative breeding method
After dividing the rhizomes of the iris, only well-developed, large bushes are taken. After digging up, they should be thoroughly shaken off the ground. You can divide the rhizome in any way: with a shovel, and with a knife, and even break it with your hands.
It is important that each separated part has a sheaf of leaves. In this case, the rhizome is one (preferably two) annual link. The old links are not needed and are therefore removed. The roots must be cut by a third. The same goes for the leaves, only they should be cut in half.
It is important to remember that dry and / or diseased leaves must be removed. It is also necessary to check the rhizomes. There may also be damaged or rotten spots. They are best cut with a knife.
A necessary stage in the preparation of the rhizome is ego disinfection. For this purpose, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is prepared, in which the rhizome is dipped for 15 or 20 minutes. After such a procedure, they must be dried in the sun.
It is also necessary to take care of the cuts. They are covered with a special mixture (sulfur and coal in a 1: 1 ratio). Such a treated seedling will root well and grow vigorously.
Reproduction of irises by sprouts
After waiting for flowering, with the help of a prepared knife, cut off the sprouts from the plant (we will call it maternal), only so that there are no buds. But it is necessary to grab a piece of tissue from the rhizome. Such sprouts are planted in the shade, that is, the greenhouse must be cold. If necessary, you can spray.
The sprouts take root within 2-3 weeks. This method is one of the best. First, it is used to determine the variety; secondly, the mother plant is not damaged; thirdly, about 90% of the cuttings take root.
The end of the flowering period tells us that the irises can be transplanted. This is the first transplant period. The second is the end of the growing season. After all, this time is characterized by the resumption of growth of both roots and leaves. This moment must not be missed. After all, if transplanted later, then the plants will die due to the fact that they will not be able to take root.
The end of August - the beginning of September, flower growers consider the most optimal time for planting irises. It so happens that the planting material was obtained after this period.
In such cases, it is recommended to plant the rhizomes in pots. The temperature regime should be 7 or 8 degrees. We plant them in open ground in the spring. If the seedlings were planted at the right time, then in the spring you should expect color. The peak flowering of the plant (and its development in general) should be expected from the second and / or third year after planting.
An important step in our learning how to plant irises is preparing the landing site. We form pits, in the center of which small humps are formed. They are very important, since it is on them that we will then put the rhizomes. The branches of the rhizomes themselves are very delicately bred along the perimeter of the fossa.
The rhizomes of irises are planted in pits, the depth of which should not exceed 3 cm. In order for the plants to grow well, it is necessary to maintain a distance of half a meter between them. Don't forget to water if needed.
There are several answers to the question of how to plant irises. And all alone are very simple, which allows people who do not have certain skills in floriculture to grow these flowers.
All the subtleties of planting irises in the video: