There are many varieties of potatoes. One of these varieties is the Scarlett potato. This type of potato has another name, the more complete "Red Scarlett". This potato is considered the best, it is known that it is entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation.
- Bush part of Scarlett potatoes
- Potato tubers
- The main features of potatoes
- Features in the cultivation of the "Scarlett" variety
Bush part of Scarlett potatoes
Bush type - low. The leaves, like other varieties of potatoes, are green, small in size - medium, there is also a slight waviness on the leaves, which gives an unusual look. The inflorescences are also of medium size, more often red-violet or light-lilac in color. Since the potato is early, the tops develop very quickly. It grows very dense and dense.
The average tuber size reaches 80-150 grams. It is formed in large quantities at once. The tubers are rather long, oval in shape. The peel is very thin, red and the eyes on the potato itself are very small. The starch content of potatoes is about 15 percent and the dry matter content is about twenty percent. This potato variety is a little soft.
This type of potato is now very often used for making chips, fries and other dishes.
The main features of potatoes
The tubers ripen very quickly and the bush gives a lot of yield, unlike other varieties. Tubers may not darken if damaged. Scarlett is resistant to:
- Various viruses
- Late blight of tubers is a disease of potatoes that affects the bush and also tubers. Basically, it begins to appear when the daily temperature fluctuates, cold dew falls. Phytophthora is a genus of fungus, spores begin to appear in the conidial stage (in the form of a white bloom). Phytophthora is much easier to prevent than to deal with it in full swing later.
- The golden potato nematode is a root worm. It is very small and can only be seen through a microscope. Because of this, the nematode can die thirty or even eighty percent of the entire crop. If the potato grows in the fields and it is overpowered by a nematode, then it may even end up with the fact that it will simply not be possible to export the potato. You will also have to enter quarantine.
There are also pluses, the "Scarlett" variety is poorly resistant to:
- Late blight tops
- Common scab is a fungal disease of potatoes that affects tubers, and also reduces yield, reduces the quality of tubers. And, therefore, planting the affected tubers will already be useless.
- Alternaria is also caused by a fungus. According to statistics, a five percent decrease in yield occurs precisely because of Alternaria. Spots appear on the potatoes. In addition to potatoes, other vegetables such as tomatoes and other nightshades can also be affected. To avoid damage, prophylaxis must be carried out before flowering.
If you plant in high temperature conditions, then you should feed the potato bushes with manganese or magnesium.
Features in the cultivation of the "Scarlett" variety
Many varieties of Dutch potatoes have gone out of circulation, so the same can happen with this species very quickly. All this is due to the rapid infection with viruses, and therefore it is not profitable at all to grow some varieties. In the Dutch method of growing potatoes, there are three basic fundamental remarks, the so-called "three whales":
- Well loosened soil saturated with oxygen
- Free access to moisture
- As well as free air access
These conditions are most suitable for growing Dutch varieties of potatoes, including "Scarlett". During planting, a certain width between the bushes should be observed - this is 60 - 70 centimeters, but for the earlier ones, a distance of 75 - 80 centimeters must be maintained. If you increase the planting area, then you can lose some of the crop. Planting depth should be no more than four centimeters. Usually, immediately after the formation of the bushes, ridges should be made 20-25 centimeters high and 75 centimeters wide. It is advisable to deal with weeds with the help of herbicides. If you do not follow these rules, then the potatoes can be chopped and completely unusable.
Potatoes are harvested in late August or early September. The tops of the fields are harvested ten days before the harvest. Harvesting the tops early will allow the tubers to grow faster. As you know, in the presence of greenery, all the power goes into the growth of the tops.
It should also be noted that planting potatoes should be alternated with planting legumes, they will well prepare the soil for potatoes.
Thus, if you decide to plant potatoes in your area, then try the "Red Scarlett" variety. It is very suitable for the Russian climate and tolerates climatic changes well. Also very good if you want to harvest earlier than with conventional varieties.