Experienced and novice gardeners love to grow cucumbers, but alas, it is not always possible to achieve good results and get a rich harvest - the plant requires knowledge of some secrets of proper care. Tying and shaping cucumbers are very effective care methods that can significantly save space and improve the illumination of the stems. These methods are used when growing cucumbers in greenhouses or in the open field on trellises.
- how to shape cucumbers
- garter cucumber
- basic techniques for the formation of cucumbers of different varieties
- when the bush begins to form
- how to care for varieties with strong shoot-productive ability and determinant.
How to form cucumbers correctly
Growing cucumbers in greenhouses or greenhouses requires a fairly deep knowledge of agronomy and biology. The fact is that when a plant is grown in a closed ground, the formation of female flowers is activated with an increase in branching of shoots; male flowers are usually located on the main stem. Pinching helps in resolving the issue - an agrotechnical technique for the correct formation of a bush and an increase in crop volumes. This method is applicable for most varieties. In open ground, pinching will not be so effective: the formation of female and male flowers occurs simultaneously on the shoots of the first order and on the central shoot.
The stems of plants grown indoors need tying up. Trellises are used as a support, they are installed even before the planting of plants. They are placed in the direction of the rows, their height should be from 1.5 to 2 m.About a week after planting, a string is tied over each bush, the lower edge is reinforced with a loop between the second and third leaves, the height from the soil is about 10-15 cm. It is not recommended to tighten the twine too much - excessive tension can cause damage to the stems, a safety margin should be given in any case. The growing plants are guided along this vertical trellis.
This work requires a responsible approach, its later implementation can lead to a delay in development, a decrease in the size of leaves, and a decrease in yield. The loop around the stem must have a margin; in the case of tight loops, the twine will tighten, squeeze the stem and impair nutrition.
Basic techniques for the formation of cucumbers of different varieties
Only knowing how to form cucumbers of different varieties can you achieve the desired growth and active fruiting. In this case, it is imperative to take into account the characteristics of each of the cultivated varieties. In the formation of hybrids and bee-pollinated small-fruited varieties, the plant is led along a vertical trellis in one stem. The pinching of the main stem is carried out when it reaches the top of the trellis, the lateral shoots and flowers in the axils of the first 3 leaves are removed, the pinching of the remaining shoots is carried out over the 3rd leaf.
The formation of long-fruited varieties and hybrids implies the removal of the first three leaves of all female flowers and lateral lashes in the axils. The pinching of the main stem is carried out at the level of 3-4 leaves located above the wire, the shoots that have appeared in the axils of the upper leaves are left (two or three), lowered down, pinched at a height of 1 meter.
When the bush begins to form
Now we know how to form cucumbers, but the question is: when exactly do you need to pinch. The most suitable time for this is when 8-9 true leaves appear. The lateral branches in the lower part of the plant are plucked completely, those that grow higher are pinched by one cucumber and one leaf. The last shoots before the wire should be pinched by 2-3 leaves. The plant that has reached the trellis wire is pinched, twisted around the wire and tied up. #uhod
How to care for varieties with a strong shoot tendency and determinant
Varieties with strong formation and shoot growth or medium are also suitable for cultivation in greenhouses. Naturally, representatives of the first group will require a lot of time for care, increased attention, and a thorough knowledge of the formation scheme. To date, the cultivation of such varieties does not seem appropriate.
The second group consists of hybrids with moderate shoot growth. The second group includes cucumbers with an average or moderate tendency to form shoots .. Among them, there are three types of self-regulation of branching:
- the first - with a high escaping capacity,
- a distinctive feature of the second type is weak branching of the main stem with active growth of the apical bud,
- the third has a determinant character of shoot growth.
In a conversation about how to form cucumbers, one should also remember the need to remove lateral shoots on which fruiting has already ended, dying shoots. You should also remove all yellowed leaves from the bushes.