The Griselinia littoralis is a vigorous shrub, or small tree, originating from New Zealand, evergreen; it has quite rapid growth, and can reach ten meters in height, although generally it remains within 5-6 meters.
It has evergreen, oval, slightly thick and leathery leaves, bright green, sometimes tending to yellowish-green; the stem is short and gives rise to a roundish, very dense and thick crown, which makes the shrub very suitable as a hedge plant.
Griselinias are dioecious plants, so the female and male flowers develop on different plants; flowering occurs in late spring and gives rise to small edible fruits, which contain fertile seeds.
Plant of easy cultivation, it is suitable as a single specimen or in border or windbreak hedges; it is also used in places near the sea, as it does not fear salinity.
There are several varieties of this plant, which differ from each other in some characteristics but which however have the same structure and require the same treatments and cultivation methods.
Griselinia littoralis should be planted in a sunny place, or even a partially shaded place could be fine. However, since this species of plants is a very rustic variety, this shrub can withstand even in shady places.
These plants do not fear the cold, and in areas with very high summer temperatures it is advisable to place the plant in a partially shaded place.
Being a rustic shrub it manages to develop even with minimum temperatures that reach - 10 ° C. Even when they are placed in the shade, they still manage to vegetate, even if, probably, they will develop less.
Griselinia littoralis is a rustic and resistant shrub that can adapt even in difficult situations and not optimal for its development; for this reason, usually, these plants are satisfied with the rains, but in case of very prolonged drought it is good to water, when the soil is perfectly dry, avoiding to cause water stagnation which could induce states of suffering in the plant, compromising their health.
Griselinias are plants that grow in any soil, as long as it is soft and light, with characteristics that make it sandy and very well drained. In fact this variety of plants, despite being very rustic, fear the water stagnation that could compromise the stem and the roots by affecting the integrity of the plant itself and causing a very dangerous root rot. To obtain the best results it is good to check that the soil always has the right degree of humidity.
The multiplication of these evergreen shrubs, often used for garden hedges, occurs by seed, in late winter, in seedbeds; otherwise these plants also propagate by woody or semi-woody cutting. This technique should be used during the spring period.
Griselinia littoralis: Pests and diseases
The plants of Griselinia littoralis are very rustic and resistant; for this reason, in general, they are not attacked by pests or diseases.
The great strength and rusticity of this plant make it more and more often used for the formation of hedges inside parks and terraces, thanks to its few needs it can be easily cultivated and maintained.