The presence of lavender in a home garden can be more likely to be smelled than seen. However, gardeners take great pleasure in growing lavender bushes in their own gardens.
- Lavender care
- Lavender varieties
- When and how to plant lavender
- Preparing the soil for planting lavender
Why is this small mountain plant so lovingly grown by gardeners so attractive? First is the scent. And like any strong-smelling plant, lavender is a good honey plant. Secondly, the plant has a number of medicinal properties, the main of which is its use in aromatherapy procedures. Thirdly, the plant is very unpretentious in care and delivers exclusively aesthetic pleasure, without the need for additional agrotechnical measures.
In natural conditions, lavender is found in that part of the mountain ranges, where a large amount of precipitation traditionally falls. The plant is hygrophilous. Therefore, growing on a light peaty soil of a personal plot, it needs regular watering. Especially if the warm period turned out to be dry.
Plant care is very simple. It is enough to prune the lavender bushes after the next stage of flowering, as it will again release flowering shoots. Growing lavender in the garden is a pleasure, accompanied by vigorous flowering throughout the growing season and the magnificent aroma of blossoming flowers.
A medical course of aromatherapy based on lavender scents is aimed at combating stress, various kinds of depression, getting rid of migraines and headaches. The use of lavender flowers in medicinal baths helps to eliminate the symptoms of dermatitis, stop inflammation and heal wounds.
The halo of lavender spread is large enough. It grows especially well in warm and temperate climates. The most positive qualities noted by gardeners are the long life expectancy and long flowering times.
There are about 30 varieties of lavender. Depending on the species, the flowers have different colors: ranging from deep purple to bright white, including blue, pink, blue, purple shades.
- Narrow-leaved lavender (medicinal, English), evergreen. Peduncle height 80 cm. Flowering period - June, July. Flowers are small, collected in a brush. The size of the brush is about 20 cm.
- Lavender Spanish (French), early. Tall shrub about 130 cm in height with wide leaves and medium-sized flowers. The stalk of the peduncle does not exceed 50 cm. The inflorescence is small, about 10 cm.
- Lavender toothed, decorative. The plant is quite thermophilic. It grows mainly in southern latitudes. The plant is short, only up to 30 cm in height. The leaves are carved, small, silvery. The flowers are larger and more aromatic than other types of lavender.
Several hybrids have been bred on the basis of toothed lavender. They have a stronger and pungent odor. Hybrid forms are called lavandin.
When and how to plant lavender
In order for lavender to take root well on the site, it is advisable to select varieties from local breeders. The plant is planted in early spring, when surface frosts have stopped. Only in the southern regions is it possible to plant lavender in autumn, no later than 60 days before the onset of frost.
- Before planting, a plant bush is placed for an hour and a half in water;
- planting is carried out on beds up to 40 cm high;
- before planting, the apical part is cut off for better tillering;
- excess roots and lower branches with leaves must be removed;
- the depth of the planting pit for a medium layer of lavender should be about 30 cm;
- between the bushes of decorative lavender, the distance should be at least 30 cm, and for tall lavender - up to 120 cm.
Preparing the soil for planting lavender
All types of lavender prefer dry sandy loam, less often loamy soils, with good drainage and pH 6.5-7.5, that is, alkaline. It is advisable to neutralize acidic soils with ground limestone. The level of soil fertility is average.
As a conclusion. Lavender is a very beautiful sight when planted in groups of compact and dense bushes. In this case, it seems that a blue or purple river is rapidly flowing along the paths. Depending on the variety, lavender is used to form curbs, rock gardens or as a hedge. In addition to its medicinal properties, lavender is also used in cooking. Meat intended for grilling is covered with sprigs and lavender flowers. Flowers are used for the preparation of flour products and sweet dishes, as well as flavoring additives in juices and drinks.